Winter Blues Get Worse With a Case of Head Lice

 

Winter reminds us that everyone and everything needs some quiet time,” wrote well-known modern author Katrina Mayer. If only that were the case for head lice. Even in winter months parents should keep up their guard against head lice to make sure all the family members in your home have a peaceful winter season. Here’s a list of quick winter facts that every parent should know to keep their winter lice free.

 

Winter Fact #1- Lice Do Not Die Off In Cold Weather

How is that possible when all the other insects around seem to grow dormant in the winter? Think about it, head lice are human parasites. They do not live outdoors in the frozen natural habitats that other insects occupy. They live on the human scalp, they eat human blood and as long as their host is a warm 98.6 degrees they will be perfectly healthy and happy.

 

Winter Fact #2 – Lice Love Cold Weather Accessories

Ok, so maybe lice aren’t capable of loving anything – but they often find their way into the woven material on hats, scarves, hoodies, and beanies. Here they can lie in wait for a new host to feed on or lay their eggs for the next person who puts it on. Have you ever watched your young child as they raced into a basketball practice, church group activity or karate practice? What happens to their gloves, hats and winter coats? More often than not a large pile of them end up at the doorway thrown on top of each other. This makeshift pile of winter weather accessories is just a case of head lice waiting to happen. Lice or nits can fall off of an infested item from another child and land on your child’s gear. Take time every week to gather up their winter items and throw them in the dryer for 20 minutes. This will eliminate any traces of lice and keep your kids healthier. Also, teach your kids to hang up their coats, put hats and gloves into their coat pockets and away from the growing pile of other kids clothes.

 

Winter Fact #3 – Indoor Activities Make Kids more Prone to Passing On Lice

When the cold wind blows, most kids want to stay inside. That means friends gather to indoor homes where they play video games, watch Netflix, and take selfies all day. Most often more kids in close proximity for longer periods of time means more head lice passed on to others. Holiday vacations add to the problem. So, before you send your child off for a slumber party or an overnighter with cousins, make sure they use their own pillows, hairbrushes, towels and blankets. Wash all belongings once they return home to ensure you don’t bring any hitchhiking lice into your home.

 

Winter Fact #4- Checking for Head Lice is Always a Good Idea

Make time in your busy schedule to do head lice checks on your own kids. Get a fine toothed comb, have them sit down and carefully check for any signs of head lice. Nits, yellow in color, will be laid along the base of the scalp if adult lice are present. They are applied with a glue like secretion that keeps them from easily falling off like a dandruff flake would. Also, when lice feed their saliva leave red and swollen marks on the skin. Any rashes, bumps or itchy patches are definitely warning signs. Contact your local Lice Clinic of America if you have any issues while performing head lice checks. We have a knowledgeable staff that is readily available to help you with any needs, concerns or questions involving head lice

 

 

 

LOVE Life Without Head Lice

 

Valentine’s Day gives us a unique opportunity to express our love. Families show love by protecting one another and do everything in their power to keep each other out of harm’s way. This definitely includes head lice. Did you know that children between the ages of 3 to 10 are more likely to catch lice than any other age group? According to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention 6 to 12 million children these ages will contract head lice this year. Adults or teenagers living with these small children are also at risk.  How can parents show their love by protecting children from head lice?

 

Have a Heart to Heart About Head Lice

Talk to your kids about the ways head lice are commonly passed on. Lice do not have wings, fly or jump from person to person. They’re only transferred from head to head contact or if someone passes on nits or lice from something they have used on their hair. For example, if your child is sharing plastic crowns and hairbows at dress up play time they are at risk. If young kids are sharing beanies outside or playing football with their friend’s helmet, they are at risk. It is therefore important to teach children NOT to share headgear or any accessories that are placed on the head.

Teenagers are not off the hook! Selfies have been deemed modern lice transportation, as young teens sometimes obliviously push their heads together to view photos and videos on smartphones for hours at a time. Bluetooth devices and headphones are also possible ways to catch a nit or louse. The bottom line is awareness. Talk to your kids and keep them thinking about how to avoid direct contact.

When your child is at someone else’s home make sure they know not to share stuffed animals, pillows, towels, or blankets. If they are having a movie night or slumber party, bring their own belongings. Once they return home, throw them in the dryer on high for 20 minutes to eliminate any risk of infection.

 

Fix Her Hair for School and Play

Girls are often more at risk than boys. Longer hair can be more prone to catching lice as it brushes up against people or clothing, and it offers a warmer environment for lice to reproduce and thrive. Keep hair up and out of the way! Place it in quick, easy ponytails or french braids. Any type of hairstyle will do, as long as it gets her hair up and protects it from coming into contact with others. 

 

Catch it Quick with Head Lice Checks

Take a minute or two every other week to perform a head lice check on your child’s scalp. We also offer these at Lice Clinics of America, Lexington in case you are unsure what to look for. Diagnosing head lice can be quite difficult at times. We recommend that you take a fine tooth comb and investigate the scalp looking for indications of head lice. Such as red bumps, irritations, patches of inflamed skin, or yellow eggs attached to hair strands near the base of the scalp. Catching the problem early on can prevent spreading to your entire family.

History of the AirAllé Device – Meet Dr. Dale Clayton

 

The AirAllé Device is an FDA approved medical head lice treatment tool that uses a combination of heated airflow, precise timing and positioning on the scalp. Proven research shows it to be over 99% effective, which means a less than 1% chance of reinfection. The 30-minute application uses the concept of dehydration to eliminate head lice and destroy their eggs, a benefit that over the counter shampoos cannot boast.  This application treatment is being utilized in over 21 countries and has helped hundreds of thousands of patients successfully recover from a case of head lice.

 

Who Is Dr. Dale Clayton?

An Evolutionary Parasitologist, Dr. Dale Clayton has extensively studied the relationship of birds around the world and their feather-feeding lice. These feather lice spend their entire life from eggs to adult on their host birds. While researching birds and their lice at Oxford University in England he and his team had no difficulty culturing the live lice. In 1996 his laboratory was relocated to University of Utah in the arid climate that surrounds it.  Not long after they noticed that the feather lice were not surviving. After consulting with other biologist colleagues in his department it was believed that installing a steam system in the lab where they cultivated the insects would solve the issue. That proved correct and his research was able to continue.

 

What do Feather-Lice and Birds have to do with Head Lice?

As Dr. Clayton’s research moved forward he began dealing with another problem at home, his children encountered head lice at their elementary school. As most people do, his family had difficulty removing the head lice with over the counter treatments that contain harmful pesticides and require several applications. He started to wonder, could the same general idea of dehydration that killed off his feather-feeding lice in the Utah climate be used to treat head lice on human patients? After working through several possible ideas, the final product was born – the AirAllé Device. This ingenious machine uses hot air, flowing at a high frequency to desiccate the insects and their nits.

 

The Lice Clinics of America use this machine to help hundreds of thousands of patients eliminate the head ache and worry of head lice. The best part is, no harsh chemicals are involved. The danger of allergic reactions, harmful substances absorbed into the skin, rashes or irritation to scalp, eyes, nose and throat are absolutely eliminated.  Before this revolutionary idea, over the counter products that were available for parents to use were about the only option. Several applications are necessary and the increased research on these products shows that the active ingredient, permethrin, is indeed absorbed into the bloodstream. Young children especially are more prone to illness from this danger as their immune systems are not quite adequate to filter the toxin from their blood. Dr. Clayton’s invention has given parents an amazing option for a treatment that is safe, effective and in fact, much more affordable than these dangerous products in the long run. 

 

Black Death Plague Possibly Spread by Lice and Fleas

 

In the early 1300’s, cargo ships carrying sick and dying shipmates reached parts of western Europe introducing the Black Death Plague. Before they realized the severity of the sickness, it was too late. It swept across Europe wiping out at least one third of the population and driving out thousands of others who would flee their homes and towns to avoid infection. The sickness caused fevers, nausea, chills, headaches, delusions and worst of all swollen and infected lymph nodes throughout the body that would secret a black pus. Thus, the name Black Death Plague was brought to pass.

Throughout history there were three major times that this epidemic would occur on a large scale. First during the 1340’s in western Europe, next in Britain during the 1660’s and lastly escalating through Asia in the 1890’s. These time periods have gone down in history as the most death-dealing events to ever occur as millions of people were killed. In the 14th century alone, the plague is thought to have drastically reduced the world population from about 450 million people down to 350 million. The impact of that was quite significant indeed.

Why is the Black Death Plague research important?

Archaeologists and scientists alike explain that the Black Plague affected the course of history, drastically wiping out large populations, driving others from their homes, and creating devastation in its wake. It is vital to know how the disease spread so rapidly, what brought it on, and how it was transported to so many people. Even during modern day in areas of the world where sanitation and health care is not as advanced as others, epidemics can still affect the population. Madagascar, for example, recently suffered a plague outbreak in October of 2017. Over 700 individuals were hospitalized and 57 were killed. We need to better understand the cause of breakouts of the past and the way it spread so quickly to keep it from recurring.

Rats were originally thought to be blamed.

The theory has long been taught that an overgrown rat population was the reason for such large outspread of the bacteria known as, Yersinia pestis. In a time when sanitation and sewage was a large problem for populated areas throughout Europe and Asia there was an abundance of rats and rodents. However, the mass killing of so many people affected with the bacteria did not seem to have the same effect on rats. Which has caused scientists to wonder, if rats spread the disease to humans than when why did the rat population not get wiped out as well?

Lice and fleas are human parasites that show a higher likelihood of being able to quickly spread such a bacteria from human to human. As it bites a human, the bacteria enters the bloodstream finding its way into the lymph nodes throughout the body. As infection sets in, these lymph nodes become swollen, painful sores. In these times through history that the plague was most prevalent, people lived in close quarters, rarely bathing, not washing clothing and bedding and often times their living quarters and clothing was completely infested with fleas and lice. It seems quite plausible that lice and fleas would have been an easy, rapid way for so much of the population to become infected.

 

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Is “No Nit” Policy Beneficial to Students in Kentucky Public Schools?

 

When children attend public schools there is much discussion about how to handle the problem of lice or nits found on a student. For decades school policies have included a “no nit” rule that requires children to be picked up from school and not allowed to return until clearance is given from the school nurse or other trained personnel that no nits, or lice eggs are present. Even if no living lice are on the head.  In recent years this common practice has come under scrutiny from many who see that children being forced out of school, sometimes for several weeks, can be doing more harm than good.

One recent example of this is a fifth grade student from Thomas Jefferson Elementary School in Duval County, Florida. Maddie Hunter was sent home for having lice. After three weeks of receiving all types of over the counter treatment from her mother at home, Maddie was still turned away every morning for a nit or two in her hair. Even when no live lice were found.

Finally Maddie’s mother was contacted by the local Fox 30 news in Florida and her situation was brought to the public’s attention.

“I really need help with reading,” Maddie told Fox 30 News. “I’ve been struggling in reading and I can’t do that because of missing so much school.”

She also missed three full weeks of choir, drama and other vital class time. Many parents and professionals argue that this does not have to be the case. Live lice are highly contagious and pose a contagious factor to other students. However, when only one or two nits are being found on a child’s scalp the risk of infection being spread to others is incredibly low. Commonly, remnants left after a child has been treated are actually casings, or nits that have previously hatched that remain on hair strands. Therefore, they pose absolutely no risk for reinfection or transferring lice to someone else.

The State of Kentucky has decided to leave it up to the local schools to proceed how they deem necessary. The Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services has stated, “It grants discretion to each school district to develop a policy that meets their community values. They may or may not decide to have “no nit” policies.”

In favor of a change both the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Association of School Nurses advocate that “no nit” policies should be considered outdated and abolished.  They publicly argue head lice are not a health hazard or a sign of poor hygiene and are not responsible for the spread of any disease. They state that no otherwise healthy child should be kept from attending school due to nits.

Be sure to do your own head lice checks for any children who are attending public schools, day cares, preschools or other activities where they are surrounded by other children. Being vigilant about catching the problem early on is your best defense against the spread of lice in your own home. School systems may do their best to prevent an outbreak, but the keen eye of a parent is a powerful tool in preventing the infection of others. Lice Clinics of America, Lexington offer head lice checks to entire families if you are concerned or unsure what to look for.

Keeping Hair Up Could Keep Lice Away

We know that some little kids don’t like to have their hair fixed or even combed for that matter! Experts do suggest however that keeping long hair pulled up and back is a good way to ward off lice and nits. If hair is out of the way it is not as easy for someone to brush up against it and pass on a louse, or a nit to find its way on a scalp. With that in mind we have a few quick, easy and stylish suggestions for keeping your little girl’s hair looking neat and tidy.

Classic Ponytail with a Twist.

The simple ponytail is a great way to start. Slightly dampen hair and pull up into a high ponytail. This is most easily done with a bristle brush and a few light sprays of hairspray. We like to use Got2be hair products because they are affordable, work very well and are easy to find at your local grocery store. After hair is secured into a high ponytail, take the hair strand and divide it evenly into two. Dampen each side and cover in a gel to prevent frizz. Take both strands and tightly twist them in the same direction as tight as you can get them. Now take both tightened strands and twist them together in the OPPOSITE direction. Secure with a hair tie and add a bow.

Simple Twisted Ponytail

French Braids Right-side Up or Upside Down.

Brush hair to keep it nice and prevent bumps.Take a section of hair at the top of the hairline and divide it into three equal parts. Start by braiding this section of hair in a nice and tight regular braid. Hold the right section with your right hand, left section with left hand, and the middle section between your thumb and pointer finger. Cross the sections to braid. You do this by crossing the right section over the middle section, then again on the left side by crossing the left section over the middle section. Pull hair strands tightly each time to create a nice, tight and even braid. Each time you switch sides, pull additional hair into the braid from that side. Collect a little bit of hair from that side making sure it’s smooth and an even amount to add it into the strand of hair you are pulling over to braid. Continue this process on both sides until all pieces of hair have been braided in. Finish the bottom with a regular braid and secure with a hair tie. If you enjoy french braiding and are ready for a challenge, try it upside down! Have your little one sit down and rest her head on top of her knees. Comb the hair all up like she’s hanging upside down. Start the braid down by her neck line and work your way up. End it in a messy bun.

Upside down french braid

The Day After Braids Hairdo.

After your little girl has been in a braid or two all day she will have a nice, crimpy head of hair. The next morning take out the braid and comb hair through to puff it up. Now pull hair up into a high ponytail, or a low side ponytail whichever you prefer. Create a messy bun with the puffy, crimp hair. Roll the ponytail into a cinnamon bun shape, secure with a hair tie around it and bobby pins. Now pull some of the hair loose and tease it to show off the texture of the crimpy hair. This is a super cute way to show off the body from that crimpy hair and even better if you add a sparkly headband or bow. Hair spray lightly to keep hair in place. Not only will she look great, but you will actually be helping her stay protected from lice!

Messy Bun

New Year Resolutions That Will Make This Year a Healthy One

This is the time of year everyone starts making their wish list for resolutions they’d like to make happen in 2018. Why not use this opportunity to make some positive changes in your child’s daily life that can help them stay healthy and safe in the new year?

 

Washing Hands Is Fun To Do

Teach them to wash hands thoroughly with a fun object lesson. Glitter…something that will get every kids attention! Sprinkle glitter all over their damp, little hands. This represents the germs they get stuck to them throughout the day. They touch the dog, sprinkle some glitter. They go to the bathroom, sprinkle some more. You get the idea! Now have them touch their face. Glitter, like the germs, spreads to every thing. Including their nose, eyes and mouth where the germs enter into their bodies and make them sick. Now wash their hands in warm water and soap. How long did it take to get off? That’s the right amount of time to properly wash hands.

 

Sneezes and Coughs Are Not For Sharing

Take a second to search the web for a still picture of someone sneezing. The images you find will show that phlegm, saliva, snot and germs get projected over 35 feet into the air and surrounding areas if coughs and sneezes are left uncovered. Yuck. Talk about a visual aid. This can help kids understand that you are not just nagging them because you think it’s fun. There is a reason why we cover our mouths when we cough and our noses when we sneeze and that is to not spread unwanted germs to everything and everyone around us. The elbow sneeze is arguably the best approach to keeping germs at bay. If kids just sneeze into their hands  everything they touch becomes contaminated. As a parent you understand, kids touch a lot of things.

 

Fruits and Veggies With a Side of Guilt

Sometimes this battle can turn into a war between parent and child. Why allow this to be a source of grief and contention when you can ease up a little and try to make the situation a positive experience? Instead of threatening, try introducing fruits and veggies in a way that your children might actually learn to like them. How? Leave a fruit platter out after soccer practice with cool whip and caramel for them to dip it into. Put butter on their asparagus at dinner and let them taste it with all the flavor that can offer. Give fresh vegetables a fighting chance by allowing ranch as a dip or hummus. This may not be an ideal scenario, but at least your child would be learning to eat fresh fruits and veggies and their taste buds will acquire a craving for it.

 

Start Thinking About Head Lice

Arm your children with knowledge about head lice. How it is caught, how it is spread, who can get lice, and how to get rid of it. Show them a picture of a louse. Show them a picture of a nit. Talk about the signs and symptoms. Most importantly, teach them how to avoid it. Do not share hats, helmets, clothing with hoods, pillows, blankets or stuffed animals. Do not pass around hairbrushes, hair bows, or any hair accessories that could have traces of lice.  Remind them that head lice is not something to be ashamed of. It is something that can be treated and avoided.

Top Seasonal Toys for Your Tots

 

The holidays are all about creating memories and lasting feelings of joy with your family. When your little ones have been good all year you want to make sure they get some holiday gifts that will bring a smile to their face. Here are our top toy picks for this holiday season. May your holidays be filled with happy memories and lots of family time enjoyed together.

 

Trending Gifts

-Light-Up Sole Sneakers. Available in many popular colors, these light up sneakers come in a wide range of styles and sizes. Extremely popular with school age children they will literally put a sparkle in their step! Purple, blue, yellow, red, green and white led lights around the sole of these shoes are rechargeable and will never grow dim. Light up their holiday with this top pick.

 

-Fidget Spinners. Spinning is definitely in style. These top toys were initially started to help children concentrate at school. Now they are being collected and traded by kids of all ages. They come in multi-color, glow in the dark, camouflage and some even light up. Fidget spinners are a quick, inexpensive option that is sure to brighten up your child’s holiday.

 

Educational Toys

-Lego Boost Code Builds. For the good little boys and girls on your list this is a no brainer. Legos have been popular for years. Now they are becoming even better with educational features that will teach your kids to code! They can build a robot that dances, drives, tell jokes or even plays music. These toys are controlled by a downloaded app on any smartphone or tablet. Building fun is at it’s finest with Lego Boost Code Builds.

 

-ETI Toys Engineering Kits. This is a great option for parents who are opposed to time wasted in front of video games or tablets. Boys or girls will enjoy hands on play with engineering kits that help them decide how to build and design their own toys. These kits promote hand eye coordination, fine motor skills and team building cooperative play with friends and family. Get their minds working and their hands creating with this top toy.

 

Family Games

-Watch Ya Mouth Family Game. This hilarious family game will have everyone begging for more. Divide into teams, grab your stack of cards with family approved phrases, pop in your mouth piece and see if your team can guess what you are trying to say to them! This soon to be family favorite never gets old, because with each new round someone else takes a turn with the silly mouth guard. Spend your holiday laughing together with this awesome new game.

 

-Battle Bots Family Game. Put a balloon into your robot, place it in the ring, and let the battle commence! These punching, jabbing, fast paced bots battle it out to see whose balloon will be destroyed first. Once your round is done, pop in another balloon and play again. For a variation of play, use water balloons! The competition will never end. Play again and again with your family or friends. Most 7 inch balloons are compatible with this game, making it easy to replace.

 

Is it Lice or Dandruff?

For the untrained eye it can be quite tricky to determine if you or your child is suffering from a head lice infestation or a common case of dandruff. The truth is, there is a myriad of things that can cause a scalp to have itchiness, redness, swollen bumps or bleeding. Let’s take a look at the signs of lice and dandruff and how they differ.

 

Flakes vs. Nits

Lice will lay nits, or eggs along the base of the scalp. Nits are very small in size and produce a sticky like substance that essentially glues them onto the hair strand. For this reason, they are quite difficult to remove. They do not easily flake off or fall off when the head is shaken. It is also important to understand that hatched eggs may appear further up the scalp. Once they hatch they become more white in color and peel off much more easily. Hatched nits will be about ¼ of an inch from the actual skin.  

 

Dandruff, on the other hand, is the very definition of a flake of skin. Dandruff is caused by a few different scenarios. Most commonly people will use too much hair product, not enough conditioner to moisturize the scalp, or shampoo too often drying out the skin. This causes the dry, flakes of skin to fall off and leave large white flakes on the shoulders, back or hair strands of the person who has it. Another reason for dandruff is a genetic condition that causes skin cells to grow and replace much more quickly than normal. An average person’s skin cells will regenerate every month. Overactive skin cells can reform every few days, creating many flakes of skin that fall much more often.  If you shake the hair or scratch the head and flakes easily plummet off the scalp chances are you have a dandruff problem.

 

Soreness and Bleeding

Lice live on the scalp. They burrow into the skin to hide and lay their eggs. They feed off of the scalp and need the moisture and heat that the human head provides to survive. Mild cases of headlice could show no signs of soreness or bleeding if only a few adult lice are actually on the head. As the problem worsens, more and more lice will be looking for a snack. Red, inflamed bumps can be found on the scalp indicating bite marks. Saliva and fecal matter from lice also can leave the skin irritated and tender.

 

Dandruff is a skin condition that does not generally result in open sores or bleeding. Flaking and itching from the overly dry skin is the most common side effect of dandruff. Sometimes redness and irritation can occur due to excessive scratching. These scratches can lead to scabbing. If the overly irritated skin is reopened by scratching the head they can develop infections or become bleeding sores. However, this is not the common scenario for a normal case of dandruff.

 

Treatments

Lice will need to be killed completely before you can get a handle on the problem. Eggs must be removed as well to prevent further hatching and a whole new generation of lice to start the process over. Lice Clinics of America Lexington offers the most up to date technology using the innovative Airelle system to dehydrate lice and kill eggs in one treatment. Over the counter products are also an option, depending on your budget and time frame. Our expert, trained staff member can help you decide which approach will help you get over the problem the best way for your family.

 

Dandruff is easily treated with over the counter medicated shampoos. A few weeks of use will generally help the problem enough to see physical results. Try to ensure that you are washing and rinsing shampoo and beauty products thoroughly from hair to prevent flaking from excessive product as well. Moisturizing the scalp with hair conditioners and preventing further dryness by wearing weather appropriate headgear is also a suggested approach to ending the problem.  

Put Head Lice to Bed and Establish Healthy Sleep Habits for Your Kids

Beating the lice blues is a difficult thing when your family has been turned upside down by a case of head lice. During an infestation lice can literally keep your child up at night because they are nocturnal creatures that are much more actively eating, laying eggs, biting and crawling when we are trying to rest. If your family is currently dealing with head lice or over the worst, establishing a bedtime pattern can help little ones fall asleep and stay asleep.

 

Hours of Sleep Required by Age

Every stage of childhood requires different sleep schedules, according to the National Sleep Foundation. Infants 0-2 years of age need the most sleep with a full 12 hour nights rest and at least a 2 hour nap during the day.  Children 3-6 years old can essentially just skip the nap and still get a full 12 hours rest at night. When children reach ages 7-12 it is recommended they get 10-11 hours of sleep per night. Teenagers between the ages of 13-18 are not off the hook yet. Their bodies are continually growing and their minds are also developing during this stage. Experts recommend at least 8-9 hours for their age group.

 

Tips for Developing a Positive Bedtime Pattern

-Pick a bedtime that is consistent with your families schedule. Prepare homework, finish chores and all other needful daily activities with plenty of time beforehand so your child doesn’t feel pushed to hurry. Make sure they are receiving the full amount of sleep needed each night with plenty of time to wake up and prepare for the next day’s events.

-Do not allow children, especially older children and teenagers, to have media devices in their rooms. Overstimulation due to video games, watching tv screens, or playing on phones can hinder their sleep experience by keeping them alert and not in the sleep mode.

-Bathe at bedtime. Warm, relaxing showers or baths are a great way to start the night time regime. Buy your child scented body washes or shampoos that promote stress relief and deep sleep. Some scents that will help are lavender, jasmine and vanilla. Any type of smell that you love can be used to start telling the brain it’s time to slow down.

-Keep noise and lights low. Bedtime is not the best time for action movies or loud pop music. Dim the lights and keep noise to a minimum while your child prepares for bedtime. Even playing soft, soothing music could create an environment of peace and tranquility. Have a dim night light or a fun, low light that slowly changes colors and gets the room ready for rest.

-Give your child a nighttime only blanket or stuffed toy for comfort. Let them choose a favorite comfy blanket or a cherished stuffed animal that they can snuggle up with when it is bedtime. This provides them a secure, constant companion to feel safe and sleep soundly.

-Read to your child right before bed. Sing a favorite song. Talk with them about their day. Spending time with them right before they fall asleep is the key. Whether you read or not, that one on one moment is a great way to help them feel comforted, assured and ready for bed.